Table 1

Minimum, maximum, mean and SD of the 63 questionnaire items

ItemsMinimumMaximumMeanSD
1. Maintain quality154.160.77
2. Succession planning/recruiting154.310.82
3. Personnel decision quality154.540.69
4. Maintaining safety154.130.87
5. Enhancing task knowledge254.240.70
6. Eliminating barriers to performa154.260.72
7. Strategic task management154.430.70
8. Communication with community153.850.90
9. Providing a good example254.580.67
10. Knowledge of organisation justice254.440.72
11. Legal regulations154.290.75
12. Open-door policy254.410.78
13. Explaining decisions respect154.550.66
14. Servant leadership154.300.77
15. Distributing rewards fairly154.280.85
16. Responsibility for others154.240.81
17. Financial ethics154.170.93
18. Honesty and integrity154.760.59
19. Being accountable154.710.61
20. Time management154.240.71
21. Goal orientation254.210.66
22. Taking initiatives154.130.74
23. Effort: achieve goals154.260.73
24. Persistence: despite challenges254.320.71
25. Self-control154.170.80
26. Stress tolerance254.360.67
27. Adaptability154.450.73
28. Self-reliance154.210.79
29. Continuous learning154.360.71
30. Seeking feedback154.350.72
31. Communicating with coworkers254.510.67
32. Active listening154.500.71
33. Facilitating discussion154.370.71
34. Developing external contacts154.110.80
35. Psychological knowledge254.020.79
36. Social perceptiveness254.100.75
37. Nurturing relationships254.320.69
38. Taking charge254.200.73
39. Orienting others154.100.80
40. Setting goals for others254.000.77
41. Reinforcing success354.180.68
42. Developing and building teams254.320.69
43. Knowing principles of learning253.940.83
44. Assessing others254.070.71
45. Coaching, develop, instructing154.230.76
46. Cooperating154.360.66
47. Resolving conflicts/negotiating254.440.62
48. Empowerment254.380.71
49. Political savvy154.100.88
50. Critical thinking254.410.68
51. Creative problem solving154.440.72
52. Identifying problems354.440.64
53. Seeking improvement254.170.76
54. Openness to ideas154.460.70
55. Collaborating154.360.74
56. Perceiving systems254.150.76
57. Evaluating consequences254.210.76
58. Visioning254.020.88
59. Managing the future254.200.75
60. Sensitivity to situations254.160.75
61. Challenging the status quo154.240.82
62. Intelligent risk taking254.210.75
63. Reinforcing change254.290.69