Table 1

Women's socio-demographic, lifestyle and health characteristics and experiences of non-partner violence by lifetime experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV) at enrolment, 2000/2001

CharacteristicsNo IPV (n=5262)Psychological IPV alone (n=365)Physical/sexual IPV (n=454)p Value*
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Age, n=6081
 301530 (29.1)93 (25.5)83 (18.3)<0.001
 40/452231 (42.4)191 (52.3)260 (57.3)
 59/601501 (28.5)81 (22.2)111 (24.4)
Education level, n=6032
 Less than upper secondary745 (14.3)65 (18.0)95 (21.1)<0.001
 Upper secondary1579 (30.3)105 (29.0)172 (38.1)
 College/university2895 (55.5)192 (53.0)184 (40.8)
Paid employment, n=6030
 Yes4425 (84.8)303 (83.9)337 (75.1)<0.001
 No795 (15.2)58 (16.1)112 (24.9)
Marital status, n=6080
 Unmarried1866 (35.5)123 (33.8)127 (28.0)<0.001
 Married2604 (49.5)94 (25.8)146 (32.2)
 Divorced/separated631 (12.0)143 (39.3)172 (37.9)
 Widowed161 (3.1)4 (1.1)9 (2.0)
Country of birth, n=5620
 Norway4185 (85.9)292 (88.5)365 (87.1)0.358
 Other686 (14.1)38 (11.5)54 (12.9)
Daily cigarette smoking, n=6032
 Yes1334 (25.6)157 (43.3)211 (46.6)<0.001
 No3882 (74.4)206 (56.7)242 (53.4)
Alcohol use, n=6046
 4–7 times a week259 (5.0)23 (6.3)34 (7.5)0.040
 Less4970 (95.0)341 (93.7)419 (92.5)
Chronic musculoskeletal pain, n=5891
 Yes1855 (36.4)156 (43.9)217 (49.2)<0.001
 No3240 (63.6)199 (56.1)224 (50.8)
Mental distress, n=5809
 Yes521 (10.4)73 (21.2)117 (27.0)<0.001
 No4510 (89.6)271 (78.8)317 (73.0)
Sleep problems, n=6024
 >1 weekly579 (11.1)48 (13.3)95 (21.0)<0.001
 1≤ weekly4630 (88.9)314 (86.7)358 (79.0)
Childhood abuse, n=6081
 Yes462 (8.8)65 (17.8)104 (22.9)<0.001
 No4800 (91.2)300 (82.2)350 (77.1)
Other adult abuse, n=6081
 Yes371 (7.1)79 (21.6)114 (25.1)<0.001
 No4891 (92.9)286 (78.4)340 (74.9)
  • * Test of equality across the three categories of IPV experiences.

  • Physical and/or sexual violence by other than intimate partner.