Table 2

Age-standardised comparison between 2003 and 2007: experience of forced or coerced sex among school-going youth aged 11–16 years, in schools which conducted both surveys

CountryMaleAge-standardised contrast 2007/2003, RR (95% CI)FemaleAge-standardised contrast 2007/2003, RR (95% CI)
2003200720032007
Cases/totalAge-standardised rate*Cases/totalAge-standardised rate*Cases/totalAge-standardised rate*Cases/totalAge-standardised rate*
Botswana163/10060.164295/28120.09950.61 (0.49 to 0.75)142/12150.113348/33420.0990.88 (0.74 to 1.05)
Lesotho352/19170.170416/20710.2111.24 (1.04 to 1.49)451/28050.156499/32690.1370.88 (0.75 to 1.02)
Malawi521/18290.258517/19040.2460.95 (0.83 to 1.10)479/18220.249465/16980.2551.02 (0.89 to 1.17)
Mozambique233/9470.268479/20430.2640.98 (0.69 to 1.39)153/6980.180291/15620.1790.99 (0.77 to 1.28)
Namibia325/13130.234332/13550.2381.02 (0.84 to 1.23)397/17360.219394/16980.2090.95 (0.84 to 1.12)
Swaziland259/20240.122249/23890.0910.75 (0.62 to 0.90)360/27920.121358/29480.1160.96 (0.83 to 1.13)
Zambia501/18070.241418/16990.2360.98 (0.79 to 1.21)526/18370.249495/20120.2210.89 (0.75 to 1.03)
Zimbabwe202/12470.109511/27720.1831.68 (1.41 to 1.94)326/15770.192527/34610.1540.80 (0.53 to 1.20)
  • Values in bold indicate a 2003–2007 difference significant at the 5% level.

  • * Direct age standardisation on Botswana 2007 male population.