Table 2

Associations of mental disorder in relation to mortality (incidence rate ratios* with 95 % CIs)

Mental disorder groupAll-cause mortalityIschaemic heart diseaseCancer (all types)Avoidable mortality: medical care indicatorsAvoidable mortality: national health policy indicatorsSuicideDeath from external causes (suicide excluded)
Women
 No mental disorder1 (REF)1 (REF)1 (REF)1 (REF)1 (REF)1 (REF)1 (REF)
 Schizophrenia and other non-affective psychoses3.8 (3.4–4.2)4.1 (3.1–5.6)1.9 (1.5–2.4)3.5 (2.5–4.9)2.1 (1.4–3.2)24.9 (18.1–34.2)6.7 (4.0–11.1)
 Affective disorder2.4 (2.2–2.6)2.1 (1.7–2.7)1.3 (1.1–1.5)2.2 (1.7–2.8)1.9 (1.5–2.5)22.3 (18.1–27.3)6.1 (4.5–8.3)
 Anxiety disorder2.6 (2.3–2.8)2.9 (2.1–3.8)1.7 (1.4–2.0)2.2 (1.6–3.0)2.4 (1.8–3.2)16.0 (12.5–20.6)5.3 (3.6–7.8)
 Other mental disorder (including substance abuse disorder)4.7 (4.3–5.0)4.6 (3.6–5.8)1.8 (1.5–2.2)3.5 (2.7–4.6)6.2 (5.0–7.6)26.7 (20.8–34.3)12.6 (9.4–17.0)
Men
 No mental disorder1 (REF)1 (REF)1 (REF)1 (REF)1 (REF)1 (REF)1 (REF)
 Schizophrenia and other non-affective psychoses4.6 (4.2–5.0)4.3 (3.4–5.3)1.9 (1.5–2.5)3.4 (2.4–4.9)3.0 (2.1–4.1)16.1 (12.9–20.3)6.2 (4.5–8.6)
 Affective disorder2.8 (2.7–3.1)2.2 (1.9–2.7)1.5 (1.2–1.7)3.0 (2.4–3.8)1.4 (1.1–2.0)17.2 (14.6–20.2)4.9 (3.8–6.2)
 Anxiety disorder2.8 (2.5–3.0)2.7 (2.1–3.5)1.5 (1.2–2.0)2.3 (1.6–3.4)2.3 (1.7–3.2)8.3 (6.5–10.6)4.5 (3.4–6.1)
 Other mental disorder (including substance abuse disorder)4.8 (4.6–5.0)3.7 (3.3–4.2)1.9 (1.6–2.1)3.9 (3.3–4.6)5.5 (4.8–6.3)12.6 (10.8–14.8)11.8 (10.3–13.6)
  • * Adjusted for age.