Table 3

Comparison of scores on cognitive tests by cognitive status

ScoreNormal, mean (SD)HAND, mean (SD)p Value
MoCA (total)28.45 (1.45)24.17 (3.20)<0.001
MoCA (executive function)3.82 (0.41)3.03 (1.03)<0.001
MoCA (attention)5.95 (0.22)5.63 (0.56)0.004
MoCA (language)5.71 (0.54)4.50 (1.08)<0.001
MoCA (abstraction)1.61 (0.55)1.97 (0.67)<0.001
MoCA (recall)4.23 (0.97)3.23 (1.19)<0.001
MoCA (visuospatial)0.93 (0.25)0.40 (0.50)<0.001
MoCA (orientation)5.93 (0.29)5.73 (0.64)0.109
IHDS (total)10.92 (1.20)8.65 (2.34)<0.001
IHDS (motor speed)3.49 (0.82)2.60 (1.30)0.001
IHDS (psychomotor speed)3.59 (0.75)2.57 (1.33)<0.001
  • IHDS, International HIV Dementia Scale; MoCA, Montreal Cognitive Assessment.