Table 2

Association between listed factors and prevalent HAND

VariableOR (95% CI)p ValueAdjusted OR (95% CI)p Value
Age (years)1.104 (1.054 to 1.155)<0.001
Education (years)0.782 (0.687 to 0.890)<0.001
Years since diagnosis1.024 (0.940 to 1.116)0.588
Stage at diagnosis
 A(Reference)
 B1.722 (0.315 to 9.427)0.531
 C4.090 (1.662 to 10.066)0.0021.333 (0.369 to 4.815)0.661
Baseline CD4
 <200(Reference)
 200–49910.000 (2.226 to 44.919)0.0030.151 (0.031 to 0.737)0.019
 >5000.437 (0.478 to 5.521)0.437
Current CD4
 <200(Reference)
 200–4991.152 (0.433 to 3.069)0.777
 >5001.739 (0.497 to 6.086)0.387
History of CNS OIs3.67 (0.70 to 19.21)0.124
Log-transformed viral load1.15 (0.94 to 1.40)0.177
Vascular risk factors1.92 (0.85 to 4.38)0.118
  • Adjusted OR, corrected for age and education. CNS OIs, central nervous system opportunistic infections.