Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics by neurocognitive status, N=132

Normal, N=102 (77.3%)HAND, N=30 (22.7%)p Value
Age
 Mean (years)43.45 (SD=10.19)54.40 (SD=10.83)<0.001
Education
 Mean (years)11.45 (SD=3.97)8.03 (SD=3.66)<0.001
Employment (n, %)
 Professional40 (39.2%)3 (10%)
 Blue-collar36 (35.3%)13 (43.3%)0.001
 Unemployed26 (25.5%)14 (46.7%)
Gender (n, %)
 Male86 (84.3%)28 (93.3%)0.362
 Female16 (15.7%)2 (6.7%)
Race (n, %)
 Chinese85 (83.3%)28 (93.3%)0.317
 Malay8 (7.8%)0
 Indian6 (5.9%)2 (6.7%)
 Others3 (2.9%)0
Stage of illness at diagnosis (n, %)
 A62 (60.8%)9 (30%)0.006
 B8 (7.8%)2 (6.7%)
 C32 (31.4%)19 (63.3%)
Baseline CD4 (n, %)
 <20048 (47.5%)24 (80.0%)
 200–49940 (39.6%)2 (6.7%)0.002
 >50013 (12.9%)4 (13.3%)
Current CD4 (n, %)
 <20023 (22.8%)8 (27.6%)
 200–49953 (52.5%)16 (55.2%)0.670
 >50025 (24.8%)5 (17.2%)
Comorbid STI (n, %)43 (42.2%)15 (50.0%)0.447
Comorbid vascular risk factor(s) (n, %)38 (37.3%)16 (53.3%)0.115
  • STI, sexually transmitted infection.