Table 1

Characteristics of patients with tuberculosis according to treatment outcome at Yaounde Jamot Hospital in 2009

CharacteristicsCategoriesTotalOutcomes of tuberculosis treatment
Success*FailureDeathDefaultedTransferredp Value
N (%)16881155 (68.4)6 (0.4)86 (5.1)337 (20.0)104 (6.2)
Age, years≤1539 (2.3)33 (84.6)0 (0)0 (0)5 (12.8)1 (2.6)<0.031
>15–591554 (92.1)1067 (68.7)5 (0.3)75 (4.8)310 (19.9)97 (6.2)
≥6095 (5.6)55 (57.9)1 (1.1)11 (11.6)22 (23.2)6 (6.3)
Median (IQR)32 (25–42)32 (24–42)35 (26–48)45 (32–54)32 (25–42)35.5 (24–42)<0.001
Men954 (56.5)650 (68.1)4 (0.4)50 (5.2)195 (20.4)55 (5.8)0.882
ResidenceUrban1423/1662 (85.6)995 (69.9)5 (0.4)72 (5.1)283 (19.9)68 (4.8)<0.001
Rural239/1662 (14.4)144 (60.3)1 (0.4)13 (5.4)47 (19.7)34 (14.2)
Place of screeningThis centre1625 (96.3)1115 (68.6)6 (0.4)84 (5.2)319 (19.6)101 (6.2)0.269
Elsewhere63 (3.7)40 (63.5)0 (0)2 (3.2)18 (28.6)3 (4.8)
Setting of intensive phase of treatmentHospitalisation1098 (65.0)772 (70.3)3 (0.3)69 (6.3)179 (16.3)75 (6.8)<0.001
Outpatient590 (35.0)383 (64.9)3 (0.5)17 (2.9)158 (26.8)29 (4.9)
Clinical formsPTB+1231 (72.9)860 (69.9)6 (0.5)16 (4.5)239 (19.4)70 (5.7)0.012
PTB−168 (10.0)95 (56.5)0 (0)16 (9.5)45 (26.8)12 (7.1)
ETB289 (17.1)200 (69.2)0 (0)14 (4.8)53 (18.3)22 (7.6)
Type of patientNew cases1543 (91.4)1059 (68.6)5 (0.3)81 (5.2)299 (19.4)99 (6.4)0.20
Retreatment cases145 (8.6)96 (66.2)1 (0.7)5 (3.4)38 (26.2)5 (3.4)
HIV serologyNot done241 (14.3)122 (50.6)2 (0.8)20 (8.3)72 (29.9)25 (10.4)<0.001
Negative942 (55.8)703 (74.6)4 (0.4)17 (1.8)166 (18)50 (5.4)
Positive497/1419 (35)330 (65.3)0 (0)49 (9.7)97 (19.2)29 (5.7)
Sputum smear conversionYes1378/1471 (93.7)1072 (77.8)0 (0)13 (0.9)229 (16.6)64 (4.6)<0.001
No93/1471 (6.3)77 (82.8)4 (4.3)0 (0)10 (10.8)2 (2.2)
  • Data are number (%) unless otherwise indicated.

  • * Treatment success indicates cured+completed.

  • At the end of the intensive phase (applicable only to patients with smear-positive tuberculosis).

  • ETB, extra-pulmonary tuberculosis; PTB+, smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis; PTB−, smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis.