N (%) | ||

n=286 | ||

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with antibiotics prescribed | 86 (30.07) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with no antibiotics prescribed | 200 (69.93) | |

n=86 | ||

Proportion (%) of prescriptions prescribed single antibiotics | 50 (58.14) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions prescribed two antibiotics | 25 (29.07) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions prescribed three antibiotics | 11 (12.80) | |

Route of antibiotics prescribed, n=86 | ||

Oral antibiotics | 68 (79.07) | |

Parenteral antibiotics | 18 (20.93) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with antibiotics and indication recorded | 86 (100.00) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with antibiotics and no indication recorded | 0 (0.00) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions compliant with Standard Treatment Guidelines/Essential Medicines List (SGT/NEMLIT) | 67 (77.91) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions not compliant with SGT/NEMLIT | 19 (22.09) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with surgical prophylaxis with a single(stat) dose | 3 (3.49) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with surgical prophylaxis prescriptions (%) with a duration of 1 day (24 hours) | 2 (2.33) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with surgical prophylaxis prescriptions (%) with duration >1 day | 14 (16.28) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with empirical use of antibiotics | 57 (66.28) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions prescribed after performing culture and AST | 29 (33.72) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with definite use of antibiotics with AST-positive results | 4 (4.65) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with the use of antibiotics with AST-negative results | 25 (29.07) | |

Proportion (%) of prescriptions with antibiotics prescribed according towards | Medical ward | 37 (43.02) |

Surgical ward | 22 (25.58) | |

Paediatrics ward | 13 (15.12) | |

Obstetrics and gynaecology ward | 7 (8.14) | |

Cardiology ward | 4 (4.65) | |

ICU ward | 3 (3.88) | |

Drug utilisation 90% (DU90%) | N/A (100) | |

The average number of antibiotics per prescription | 1.6 (N/A) |

AST, antimicrobial susceptibility testing; BMH, Benjamin Mkapa Zonal Referral Hospital; ICU, intensive care unit; N, number of surveyed prescriptions; N/A, not applicable.