Table 3

Pregnancy outcomes

GLP1-RA group (n=168)Reference group with diabetes (n=156)Overweight/obese reference group (n=163)
Live-born infants, n113126117
Elective termination of pregnancy for personal reasons, n2056
Medical termination of pregnancy, n3*1†7‡§
Spontaneous abortion, n312329
Stillbirth, n114
Preterm delivery, n (%) (n=113, 126, 127)9 (8.0)19 (15.1)17 (14.5)
Gestational age at birth (week), median (IQR) (n=113, 125, 117)39 (38–40)38 (37–39)39 (38–40)
Birth weight (g), median (IQR) (n=113, 124, 117)3400 (3100–3660)3370 (2890–3682)3245 (2850–3560)
Large for gestational age, n (%) (n=113, 124, 117)20 (17.7)29 (23.4)7 (6.0)
Small for gestational age, n (%) (n=113, 124, 117)9 (8.0)10 (8.1)17 (14.5)
Delivery mode, n (%) (n=112, 135, 108)
Spontaneous vaginal delivery60 (53.6)68 (50.4)60 (55.6)
Assisted delivery and caesarean section52 (46.4)67 (49.6)48 (44.4)
  • *Reason for medical termination of pregnancy: one congenital anomaly, one genetic anomaly and one caesarean scar pregnancy.

  • †Reason for medical termination of pregnancy: one congenital anomaly.

  • ‡Reason for medical termination of pregnancy: five congenital anomalies (see table 2); in addition, one was due to an intrauterine cytomegalovirus infection associated with anomalies, one genetic anomaly.

  • §One ectopic pregnancy.

  • GLP1-RA, glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists; IQR, Interquartile range.