Table 2

Comparison of survival time of individual and community-level factors of time to ANC initiation among study participants (2924), 2022

VariablesCategoriesTime to ANC initiationLog-rank testP value
Event observedEvent expected
Mother’s educationNo education
Primary
Secondary
Higher
404
452
131
105
488
431
126
47
114.880.0001
Household size<6 members
≥6 members
692
400
585
507
54.220.0001
Ever had a child lossNo
Yes
938
154
876
216
28.210.0001
Women’s age<20 years
20–34 years
≥35 years
49
845
198
57
802
233
11.480.0032
Birth interval≥36 months
<36 months
477
305
442
340
8.490.0036
PNCNo
Yes
881
211
909
183
6.820.0090
Marital statusCurrently in union
Formerly in union
Never in union
1030
54
8
1029
59
4
4.530.1039
Household headFemale
Male
156
936
140
952
2.680.1018
Community-level povertyLow
High
739
353
569
523
136.880.0001
ResidenceUrban
Rural
445
647
310
782
105.300.0001
Community ANC utilisationHigh
Low
717
375
606
486
58.210.0001
Community women’s educationHigh
Low
695
397
645
447
12.270.0005
  • ANC, antenatal care; PNC, postnatal care.