Table 1

Summary of individual and community-level factors of time to ANC initiation among study participants (2924), 2022

VariablesCategoriesTime to ANC initiationTotal
N (%)
Event
N (%)
Censored
N (%)
Maternal educationHigher
Secondary
Primary
No education
105 (68.6)
130 (38.8)
452 (39.2)
404 (31.5)
48 (31.4)
205 (61.2)
701 (60.8)
879 (68.5)
153 (5.2)
335 (11.5)
1153 (39.4)
1283 (43.9)
Wealth indexRich
Middle
Poor
647(48)
182 (31
264 (26.7)
701(52)
407(69)
723 (73.3)
1348 (46.1)
589 (20.1)
987 (33.8)
Household size (members)1–5
6 or more
692 (43.3)
401 (30.3)
907 (56.7)
924 (69.7)
1599 (54.7)
1325 (45.3)
Maternal age<20 years
20–34 years
≥35 years
48 (31.4)
846 (39.2)
199 (32.4)
105 (68.6)
1310 (60.8)
416 (67.6)
153 (5.2)
2156 (73.8)
615 (21)
Household headFemale
Male
156 (40.4)
937 (36.9)
230 (59.6)
1601 (63.1)
386 (13.2)
2538 (86.8)
Place of deliveryFacility
Home
801 (42.4)
292 (28.2)
1088 (57.6)
743 (71.8)
1889 (64.6)
1035 (35.4)
PNCNo
Yes
881 (36.5)
212 (41.5)
1532 (63.5)
299 (58.5)
2413 (82.5)
511 (17.5)
Last birth C/SNo
Yes
804 (34.9)
114 (58.5)
1502 (65.1)
81 (41.5)
2306 (92.2)
195 (7.8)
Birth interval (2220)≥36 months
<36 months
478 (37.6)
305 (32.1)
792 (62.4)
645 (67.9)
1270 (57.2)
950 (42.8)
Ever had a child lossNo
Yes
939 (39.7)
154 (27.7)
1429 (60.3)
402 (72.3)
2368(81)
556 (9)
ParityPrimipara
Multipara
Grand multipara
299 (43.4)
559 (40.8)
235 (27.2)
390 (56.6)
811 (59.2)
630 (72.8)
689 (23.6)
1370 (46.8)
865 (29.6)
ResidenceUrban
Rural
445(51)
647 (31.5)
427(49)
1405 (68.5)
872 (29.8)
2052 (70.2)
Community ANC utilisationHigh
Low
718 (43.3)
375 (29.6)
937 (56.6)
894 (70.4)
1655 (56.6)
1269 (43.4)
Community women’s educationHigh
Low
696 (39.7)
397 (33.9)
1056 (60.3)
775 (66.1)
1752 (59.9)
1172 (40.1)
Community-level povertyLow
High
740 (46.9)
353 (26.2)
837 (53.1)
994 (73.8)
1577 (53.9)
1347 (46.1)
  • ANC, antenatal care; C/S, caesarean section; PNC, postnatal care.