Table 1

Descriptive characteristics of the included studies

Variablesn%
Year of publication
 201214.76
 201314.76
 201429.52
 201529.52
 201629.52
 201729.52
 2018523.81
 201929.52
 2021314.29
 202214.76
Location: country
 USA523.81
 Australia314.29
 The Netherlands314.29
 New Zealand29.52
 South Korea29.52
 Belgium14.76
 Malaysia14.76
 Germany14.76
 Taiwan14.76
 International (several countries)29.52
Year of data collection
 2007–200914.76
 2010–201114.76
 201229.52
 2014–201514.76
 201514.76
 201614.76
 201714.76
 2017–201814.76
 202014.76
 2020–202114.76
 NR1047.62
Methodology
 Longitudinal1780.95
 Cross-sectional419.05
Intervention
 In person1152.38
 Online29.52
 In person and online838.10
Sample size
 5–30628.57
 31–60733.33
 8414.76
 121–150419.05
 20414.76
 21814.76
 70314.76
Average age of participants
 60–64 years523.81
 65–69 years733.33
 70–74 years419.05
 75–79 years314.29
 Unknown29.52
  • Source: developed by the authors.

  • NR, not reported.