Table 4

Adjusted associations of sociodemographic and health-related characteristics with self-care behaviours (n=375)

CharacteristicsMedicine adherence
AOR (95% CI)
DASH diet adherence
AOR (95% CI)
Physical activity
AOR (95% CI)
Weight management
AOR (95% CI)
Non-smoking
AOR (95% CI)
Alcohol moderation
AOR (95% CI)
Age (in years)1.02 (0.99 to 1.04)1.02 (0.96 to 1.08)1.01 (0.99 to 1.04)0.99 (0.95 to 1.03)1.01 (0.98 to 1.04)1.03 (0.99 to 1.08)
Gender
Female111111
Male0.78 (0.45 to 1.33)2.94 (0.95 to 9.11)2.05 (1.19 to 3.55)*1.53 (0.66 to 3.54)1.02 (0.56 to 1.87)0.17 (0.06 to 0.50)*
Marital status*
In union111111
Not in union1.01 (0.55 to 1.84)0.21 (0.02 to 1.84)1.37 (0.75 to 2.51)0.13 (0.02 to 1.01)0.90 (0.46 to 1.73)1.04 (0.29 to 3.71)
Ethnicity
Others†111111
Brahmin/Chhetri0.93 (0.58 to 1.48)3.30 (1.26 to 8.59)*1.43 (0.89 to 2.29)3.44 (1.63 to 7.26)*1.13 (0.67 to 1.93)4.51 (1.64 to 12.40)*
Education
No education111111
Primary0.57 (0.30 to 1.09)0.64 (0.10 to 4.20)1.38 (0.71 to 2.67)1.79 (0.53 to 6.08)1.02 (0.51 to 2.04)0.26 (0.08 to 0.85)*
Secondary or higher1.61 (0.84 to 3.10)4.42 (1.11 to 17.62)*1.27 (0.66 to 2.43)4.70 (1.62 to 13.63)*2.47 (1.16 to 5.29)*0.75 (0.22 to 2.58)
Employment status
Unemployed111111
Employed0.86 (0.53 to 1.42)0.44 (0.14 to 1.37)1.02 (0.62 to 1.69)0.64 (0.28 to 1.44)0.63 (0.36 to 1.09)1.16 (0.45 to 3.00)
Income
 Below poverty111111
 Above poverty0.73 (0.35 to 1.48)0.67 (0.16 to 2.88)1.17 (0.57 to 2.40)0.75 (0.26 to 2.19)2.24 (1.08 to 4.63)*2.02 (0.70 to 5.51)
Family type
Joint111111
Nuclear1.14 (0.70 to 1.85)1.50 (0.57 to 3.96)1.30 (0.80 to 2.12)1.03 (0.49 to 2.17)0.82 (0.47 to 1.42)1.08 (0.42 to 2.74)
HTN duration0.96 (0.93 to 1.00)1.03 (0.97 to 1.11)0.97 (0.93 to 1.00)1.05 (0.99 to 1.11)0.99 (0.95 to 1.03)0.95 (0.89 to 1.02)
Comorbidity
No111111
Yes1.15 (0.72 to 1.85)0.98 (0.37 to 2.59)0.88 (0.55 to 1.42)1.33 (0.62 to 2.83)1.37 (0.81 to 2.34)2.05 (0.76 to 5.48)
Family history
No111111
Yes1.12 (0.71 to 1.79)1.06 (0.45 to 2.48)0.77 (0.48 to 1.23)0.88 (0.44 to 1.76)0.96 (0.57 to 1.62)1.39 (0.55 to 3.47)
Perceived health
Fair to very poor111111
Good to very good0.96 (0.55 to 1.68)3.96 (1.60 to 9.79)*1.81 (1.00 to 3.27)1.71 (0.83 to 3.54)1.46 (0.74 to 2.86)0.40 (0.16 to 1.05)
BMI (kg/m2)
<25111111
≥251.02 (0.61 to 1.71)0.58 (0.22 to 1.49)0.92 (0.54 to 1.56)0.80 (0.37 to 1.75)1.83 (1.04 to 3.22)*0.75 (0.29 to 1.96)
  • *Significant at p<0.05.

  • *Marital status: in union category includes currently married participants, whereas not in union category includes never married, widowed and separated participants.

  • †Others ethnic groups include Janajati, Madhesi and Dalit.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; BMI, body mass index; DASH, Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension; HTN, hypertension.