Table 3

Unadjusted associations of sociodemographic and health-related characteristics with self-care behaviours (n=375)

Medication adherence
COR (95% CI)
DASH diet adherence
COR (95% CI)
Physical activity
COR (95% CI)
Weight management
COR (95% CI)
Non-smoking
COR (95% CI)
Alcohol moderation
COR (95% CI)
Age (in years)1.00 (0.99 to 1.02)1.02 (0.99 to 1.05)1.00 (0.98 to 1.01)1.01 (0.98 to 1.02)1.01 (0.99 to 1.03)1.04 (1.01 to 1.07)*
Gender
 Female111111
 Male0.89 (0.59 to 1.35)5.00 (2.21 to 11.33)*2.17 (1.42 to 3.34)2.64 (1.45 to 4.84)*1.15 (0.73 to 1.83)0.21 (0.09 to 0.48)*
Marital status*
 In union111111
 Not in union0.99 (0.58 to 1.71)0.12 (0.02 to 0.91)*0.95 (0.56 to 1.63)0.08 (0.01 to 0.55)*0.85 (0.48 to 1.52)1.7 (0.58 to 5.00)
Ethnicity
 Others111111
 Brahmin/Chhetri1.17 (0.77 to 1.78)5.00 (2.21 to 11.33)*1.57 (1.03 to 2.39)*4.91 (2.53 to 9.56)*1.62 (1.10 to 2.60)*4.03 (1.63 to 9.98)*
Education
 No education111111
 Primary0.53 (0.30 to 0.92)*1.22 (0.22 to 6.80)1.95 (1.10 to 3.48)*2.58 (0.87 to 7.64)0.79 (0.44 to 1.42)0.16 (0.06 to 0.41)*
 Secondary or higher1.30 (0.81 to 2.10)11.83 (4.04 to 34.61)*2.07 (1.29 to 3.31)*9.89 (4.25 to 22.98)*2.28 (1.31 to 4.00)*0.42 (0.16 to 1.01)
Work status
 Working111111
 Not working0.76 (0.50 to 1.16)0.64 (0.30 to 1.35)1.23 (0.80 to 1.87)0.78 (0.43 to 1.43)0.57 (0.36 to 0.89)*0.39 (0.19 to 0.81)*
Income
 Below poverty111111
 Above poverty0.93 (0.48 to 1.40)1.42 (0.42 to 4.86)1.17 (0.62 to 2.22)1.02 (0.41 to 2.54)2.38 (1.24 to 4.55)*2.69 (1.13 to 6.40)*
Family type
 Joint111111
 Nuclear0.97 (0.64 to 1.47)1.45 (0.71 to 2.98)1.34 (0.89 to 2.03)1.31 (0.73 to 2.38)0.84 (0.53 to 1.33)0.63 (0.30 to 1.32)
HTN duration0.99 (0.95 to 1.02)1.06 (1.01 to 1.11)*0.97 (0.94 to 1.00)1.04 (0.99 to 1.08)1.01 (0.97 to 1.04)1.01 (0.96 to 1.07)
Comorbidity
 No111111
 Yes1.14 (0.75 to 1.73)1.58 (0.75 to 3.17)0.97 (0.04 to 1.47)1.39 (0.77 to 2.48)1.55 (0.97 to 2.48)2.00 (0.93 to 4.31)
Family history
 No111111
 Yes1.26 (0.82 to 1.93)2.24 (1.11 to 4.52)*0.87 (0.57 to 1.33)1.46 (0.82 to 2.67)1.26 (0.78 to 2.02)1.61 (0.75 to 3.48)
Perceived health
 Fair to very poor111111
 Good to very good1.01 (0.61 to 1.69)4.94 (2.41 to 10.14)*1.86 (1.09 to 3.19)*2.76 (1.48 to 5.15)*1.74 (0.94 to 3.22)0.51 (0.24 to 1.10)
BMI (kg/m2)
 <25111111
 ≥251.10 (0.69 to 1.77)0.57 (0.28 to 1.19)0.78 (0.48 to 1.25)0.80 (0.42 to 1.52)1.6 (0.98 to 2.63)1.18 (0.54 to 2.56)
  • *Significant at p<0.05.

  • *Marital status: in union category includes currently married participants, whereas not in union category includes never married, widowed and separated participants.

  • †Others ethnic groups include Janajati, Madhesi and Dalit.

  • BMI, body mass index; COR, crude OR; DASH, Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension; HTN, hypertension.