Table 1

Recipe4Health Behavioural Pharmacy implemented by Open Source Wellness

Weekly componentsSession timeBehavioural targetsDescription and examples
Group physical activity20–30 minPhysical activity, social connection
  • Playful, socially engaging physical activity accessible to various physical ability/mobility levels

Mindfulness meditation5–10 minStress reduction
  • Different mindfulness techniques are introduced:

    • Breath-focused

    • Gratitude

    • Progressive muscle relaxation

  • Walking meditations

Interactive lesson on varied health topics10–20 minRotates among all four targets: healthy eating, physical activity, stress reduction, social connection
  • Topics can include:

    • Turning exercise into play

    • Self-care

    • Eating healthy on a budget

    • Boundary setting

  • Behaviour change (eg, SMART goals)

Nutrition lesson incorporating Food
Farmacy produce of the week
5–10 minHealthy eating
  • The nutrition lesson covers topics such as:

    • Increasing vegetable consumption

    • Decreasing sugar intake

  • Making dietary changes in ways that are culturally relevant and paced appropriately to patients’ levels of motivation and health conditions

Group health coaching45–60 minIncludes all four targets: healthy eating, physical activity, stress reduction, social connection
  • Participants write their personal behaviour goal for that week (eg, drink one glass of water instead of one can of soda per day, walk 30 min four times this week, reach out to a friend)

  • The small-group health coaching expands on the lesson using motivational interviewing and social support to help participants to adopt and maintain new healthy behaviours