Table 2

Variables included in propensity score model

Race/ethnicityCategorical (black, Asian, American Indian/Alaska Native, Hispanic, unknown)
Date of referral*Continuous
SexCategorical (male/female)
LanguageCategorical (English, Spanish)
AgeContinuous (years)
Insurance typeCategorical (Medicare, Medicaid, other)
Referred to cal freshCategorical (yes/no)
HeightContinuous
WeightContinuous (pounds)
Blood pressure diastolicContinuous
Blood pressure systolicContinuous
BMIContinuous
Taken medication for
 Psychological diagnosisCategorical (yes/no)
 Emotional stateCategorical (yes/no)
 Cardiovascular diseaseCategorical (yes/no)
 High cholesterolCategorical (yes/no)
 Musculoskeletal painCategorical (yes/no)
 DiabetesCategorical (yes/no)
HbA1c lab testContinuous
Blood glucose TestContinuous
Total cholesterolContinuous
HDL cholesterolContinuous
LDL cholesterolContinuous
TriglyceridesContinuous
Number of medical visitsContinuous
  • *The referral date for control patients is the most recent visit date in the 18 months prior to the launch of Recipe4Health.

  • BMI, body mass index; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.