Table 1

Demographic and other characteristics of the participants (n=1053)

CharacteristicMale n (%)Female n (%)Total n (%)
Age
 18–30218 (20.7%)268 (25.5%)486 (46.2%)
 31–40158 (15%)231 (21.9%)389 (36.9%)
 41–5095 (9%)48 (4.6%)143 (13.6%)
 Over 5017 (1.6%)18 (1.7%)35 (3.3%)
Years of practice
 Less than 5 years359 (34.1%)424 (40.3%)783 (74.4%)
 5–10 years84 (8%)106 (10.1%)190 (18%)
 11–20 years40 (3.8%)27 (2.6%)67 (6.4%)
 Over 20 years5 (0.5%)8 (0.8%)13 (1.2%)
Educational level
 High school or under41 (3.9%)53 (5.0%)94 (8.9%)
 Bachelor162 (15.4%)198 (18.8%)360 (34.2%)
 Master220 (20.9%)239 (22.7%)459 (43.6%)
 Doctor65 (6.2%)75 (7.1%)140 (13.3%)
Overseas education experience
 Yes92 (8.7%)58 (5.5%)150 (14.2%)
 No396 (37.6%)507 (48.1%)903 (85.8%)
Professional title
 No title187 (17.8%)252 (23.9%)439 (41.7%)
 Primary title (resident)144 (13.7%)185 (17.6%)329 (31.2%)
 Intermediate title (attending physician)104 (9.9%)88 (8.4%)192 (18.2%)
 Deputy chief title (deputy chief physician)31 (2.9%)27 (2.6%)58 (5.5%)
 Senior professional title (chief physician)22 (2.1%)13 (1.2%)35 (3.3%)
Hospital type
 Primary hospital80 (7.6%)69 (6.6%)149 (14.2%)
 Secondary hospital38 (3.6%)38 (3.6%)76 (7.2%)
 Tertiary hospital358 (34.0%)404 (38.4%)762 (72.4%)
 Private hospital12 (1.1%)54 (5.1%)66 (6.3%)
Specialty
 Surgical231 (21.9%)134 (12.7%)365 (34.7%)
 Non-surgical257 (24.4%)431 (40.9%)688 (65.3%)
Average working time per workday
 Less than 8 hours336 (31.9%)422 (40.1%)758 (72.0%)
 8–10 hours88 (8.4%)86 (8.2%)174 (16.5%)
 Over 10 hours64 (6.1%)57 (5.4%)121 (11.5%)
High workload
 Yes147 (14.0%)140 (13.3%)287 (27.3%)
 No341 (32.4%)425 (40.4%)766 (72.7%)
Maintained good physician–patient relationship
 Yes250 (23.7%)260 (24.7%)510 (48.4%)
 No238 (22.6%)305 (29.0%)543 (51.6%)
Received communication training
 Yes148 (14.1%)144 (13.7%)292 (27.7%)
 No340 (32.3%)421 (40.0%)761 (72.3%)
Satisfied with income
 Yes99 (9.4%)78 (7.4%)177 (16.8%)
 No389 (36.9%)487 (46.2%)876 (83.2%)