Table 6

The estimated loss of patient visits during the COVID-19 pandemic by essential health and nutrition services and regions in Ghana

RegionAntenatal care
N (95% CI)*
Facility-based delivery
N (95% CI)*
Postnatal care
N (95% CI)*
First pentavalent vaccinations
N (95% CI)*
Third pentavalent vaccinations
N (95% CI)*
Measles vaccinations
N (95% CI)*
Vitamin A supplementation
N (95% CI)*
General outpatient care
N (95% CI)*
Greater Accra−58 312 (−59 946 to −56 553)−5315 (−5668 to −4915)2556 (2230 to 2868)5394 (5138 to 5640)1083 (887 to 1290)1874 (1639 to 2103)−21 206 (−21 837 to −20 556)−669 029 (−680 108 to −658 336)
Eastern7284 (5504 to 8938)−1590 (−1945 to −1229)1663 (1355 to 2003)3053 (2811 to 3294)1397 (1194 to 1602)6312 (6101 to 6530)−37 582 (−38 300 to −36 874)−433 415 (−444 143 to −421 436)
Central−9793 (−11 500 to −8081)−1070 (−1438 to −735)−3372 (−3659 to −3060)−930 (−1184 to −694)1897 (1703 to 2096)5981 (5754 to 6208)−16 606 (−17 147 to −16 053)−406 122 (−416 952 to −395 973)
Volta−10 861 (−12 521 to −9221)−4704 (−5083 to −4318)1160 (882 to 1462)1384 (1160 to 1607)1549 (1339 to 1729)2263 (2061 to 2467)−2867 (−3447 to −2296)−319 690 (−331 116 to −309 349)
Ashanti−6830 (−8683 to −5092)16 500 (16 180 to 16 826)5902 (5562 to 6225)9300 (9026 to 9569)660 (456 to 879)6759 (6513 to 6993)−10 817 (−11 427 to −10 223)−512 803 (−524 175 to −501 488)
Western−11 515 (−13 117 to −9782)236 (−110 to 566)−1481 (−1794 to −1202)−168 (−416 to 73)1251 (1058 to 1448)8067 (7855 to 8287)−19 391 (−19 992 to −18 752)−270 050 (−281 086 to −259 701)
Western North1698 (56 to 3152)579 (217 to 943)25 (−268 to 301)−1322 (−1571 to −1085)−723 (−906 to −539)1757 (1552 to 1964)−322 (−847 to 249)−74 169 (−84 577 to −64 289)
Ahafo4846 (3317 to 6351)−1114 (−1455 to −756)1911 (1612 to 2187)544 (330 to 772)713 (531 to 904)964 (764 to 1162)−8114 (−8674 to −7583)−78 626 (−88 867 to −68 093)
Bono East−2783 (−4378 to −1264)104 (−217 to 445)2516 (2217 to 2794)3249 (3038 to 3481)494 (304 to 691)4993 (4784 to 5215)−20 304 (−20 973 to −19 680)−119 724 (−130 275 to −109 374)
Bono−11 327 (−12 815 to −9563)−375 (−748 to −17)328 (31 to 649)1805 (1569 to 2043)−1815 (−2006 to −1625)176 (−38 to 396)−5516 (−6129 to −4912)−80 267 (−90 367 to −69 938)
Upper East1035 (−511 to 2702)−315 (−666 to 30)−7 (−294 to 294)1018 (780 to 1254)−4404 (−4593 to −4221)2164 (1950 to 2391)−278 (−756 to 213)−82 608 (−92 214 to −72 208)
Oti3545 (2106 to 5040)−230 (−583 to 96)1284 (995 to 1568)1231 (999 to 1472)615 (422 to 796)1697 (1495 to 1915)2175 (1569 to 2756)−56 521 (−67 175 to −46 195)
Savannah2326 (838 to 3732)−562 (−895 to −229)436 (163 to 714)1654 (1435 to 1882)580 (391 to 763)−377 (−579 to −180)16 060 (15 289 to 16 789)−26 236 (−35 900 to −16 440)
North East7137 (5659 to 8618)−227 (−571 to 118)78 (−181 to 358)1875 (1649 to 2108)−1356 (−1525 to −1167)−26 (−222 to 162)−27 849 (−28 463 to −27 234)1167 (−8719 to 10 620)
Upper West10 628 (9159 to 12 114)1691 (1341 to 2034)50 (−250 to 328)2160 (1935 to 2393)−1316 (−1508 to −1133)900 (692 to 1108)−856 (−1380 to −348)−87 533 (−98 016 to −76 607)
Northern−15 027 (−16 630 to −13 366)−140 (−474 to 185)4450 (4147 to 4762)5365 (5125 to 5606)1231 (1030 to 1447)−1948 (−2163 to −1736)−23 064 (−23 682 to −22 440)−95 287 (−105 601 to −84 561)
  • *The estimated loss of patient visits was computed as the differences between the predicted numbers of patient visits with and without the COVID-19 pandemic. The negative values indicate the loss of patient visits during COVID-19 pandemic.