Table 4

Factors associated with early initiation of ANC, public health centres of Bahir Dar special zone, 2021 (n=592)

VariablesEarly initiation of ANCOR
YesNoCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Age of women
 <251131802.8 (2.0 to 3.9)1.0 (0.54 to 1.8)
 ≥2519110811
Residence
 Urban20127510.8 (5.9 to 19.8)3.0 (1.48 to 6.17)**
 Rural1031311
Education of women
 Primary1775211
 Secondary851234.9 (3.25 to 7.45)2.1 (1.3 to 3.6)**
 College/above421139.1 (5.7 to 14.6)3.5 (1.8 to 6.8)**
Occupation of women
 Housewife1521320.67 (0.44 to 1.0)1.1 (0.71 to 2.01)
 Farmer76270.27 (0.1 to 0.48)0.51 (0.25 to 1.01)
 Employed23612.0 (1.1 to 3.76)1.3 (0.6 to 2.74)
 Merchant536811
Monthly income
 <2000 birr762411
 ≥2000 birr2282643.6 (2.24 to 5.99)1.09 (0.57 to 2.07)
Means of transport
 On foot1297811
 Taxi/Bajaj1752101.98 (1.4 to 2.8)1.4 (0.93 to 2.13)
Gravida
 One781734.3 (3.0 to 6.1)2.6 (1.65 to 4.14)**
 Two and above22611511
Knowledge of ANC
 Yes1121752.6 (1.4 to 3.79)1.7 (1.14 to 2.55)**
 No19211311
Family size
 <51632323.5 (2.4 to 5.1)2.0 (1.25 to 3.25)**
 ≥51415611
Plan of pregnancy
 Yes2682794.1 (1.9 to 8.8)3.5 (1.5 to 8.1)**
 No36911
Minor disorders
 Yes16231.56 (0.8 to 3.02)1.3 (0.57 to 3.0)
 No28826511
  • 1=reference category.

  • *Significant at p<0.0.5; **significant at p<0.001.

  • ANC, antenatal care; AOR, adjusted OR; COR, crude OR.