Table 3

Multivariate analysis of patient characteristics to determine potential drivers of total hospital costs for patients with ischaemic stroke

FactorCoefficient95% CI
Age−132−178 to −86
 LVD923−805 to 2651
 CE774−1128 to 2676
 OD−296−2536 to 1943
 UD754−947 to 2456
NIHSS at admission15−106 to 135
Discharge destination
 High intensity rehabilitation608−1119 to 2334
 Low intensity rehabilitation1916−85 to 3917
 Nursing home61462661 to 9632
mRS at discharge19021298 to 2507
Female sex−645−1776 to 487
Current smoking−1117−2449 to 215
Current alcohol consumption310−876 to 1496
Current drug use−3541−8840 to 1758
Hypertension241−968 to 1449
Diabetes−516−2149 to 1116
History of cerebral ischaemia546−811 to 1904
  • CE, cardiac embolism; LVD, large vessel disease; mRS, modified Rankin Scale; NIHSS, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale; OD, other determined; TOAST, Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment; UD, undetermined.