Table 3

PRO(M) outcomes

Type of PRO(M)No. of studies
Quality of life measurement (n=48)
 EuroQol 5-Dimension 3-Level (EQ-5D-3L)32
 Short Form−36 (SF-36)7
 Short Form-12 (SF-12)4
 Barthel index1
 DEMQoL1
 Depression list1
 AQoL-8D1
 Qualeffo 411
Pain (n=21)
 Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)13
 Numeric Rating Scale (NRS)6
 Ordinal scale (4-point)1
 PAINAD1
Functional outcomes (n=5)
 Oxford hip score1
 Charnley score1
 Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I)1
 SF-361
 WOMAC1
Patient satisfaction (n=9)
 VAS4
 Binary2
 Ordinal scale (3-point, 4-point, 5-point, 10-point)3
Activities of daily living, ADL (n=24)
 KATZ6
 Barthel index11
 Nottingham2
 Ordinal scale (3-point)1
 NHLSD1
 FIM2
 Instrumental ADL4
 Canadian Occupational Performance Measure1
  • Numbers are noted in total numbers of studies that reported on a certain PRO, some studies used multiple measurement for 1 PRO (ie, both KATZ and Nottingham for ADL).

  • AQoL 8D, Assessment of Quality of Life 8 Dimensions; DEMQOL, Dementia Quality of Life Measure Qualeffo 41: Quality of Life questionnaire; NHLSD, nursing home life-space diameter; PAINAD, pain assessment in advanced dementia; WOMAC, The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index.