Table 1

Distribution of COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and roll-out in rural Bangladesh according to sociodemographic, lifestyle and clinical factors (n=1603)

VariablesVaccine acceptanceReceived COVID-19 vaccine
Yes, n (%)No, n (%)P valueYes, n (%)No, n (%)P value
All participants1521 (95.0)82 (5.0)801 (50.0)802 (50.0)
Sociodemographic factors
Sex
 Male761 (93.1)57 (6.9)0.001411 (50.2)407 (49.8)0.822
 Female760 (96.8)25 (3.2)390 (49.7)395 (50.3)
Age group (years)
 <30333 (88.3)44 (11.7)<0.00199 (26.3)278 (73.7)<0.001
 30–50777 (97.3)22 (2.8)430 (53.8)369 (46.2)
 >50411 (96.3)16 (3.8)272 (63.7)155 (36.3)
Marital status
 Married1347 (95.6)61 (4.3)<0.001725 (51.5)683 (48.5)<0.001
 Not married76 (81.7)17 (18.3)17 (18.3)76 (81.7)
 Others98 (96.1)4 (3.9)59 (57.8)43 (42.2)
Education level
 Illiterate/never went to school422 (96.1)17 (3.9)0.181234 (53.3)205 (46.7)0.026
 Primary school392 (95.8)17 (4.2)217 (53.1)192 (46.9)
 Secondary632 (93.5)44 (6.5)319 (47.2)357 (52.8)
 Undergraduate and above75 (94.9)4 (5.1)31 (39.2)48 (60.8)
Employment status
 Unemployed100 (93.5)7 (7.5)<0.00172 (67.3)35 (32.7)<0.001
 Employed/self-employed673 (94.3)41 (5.7)367 (51.4)347 (48.6)
 Housewife692 (97.1)21 (2.9)352 (49.4)361 (50.6)
 Students or retirees56 (81.2)13 (18.8)10 (14.5)59 (85.5)
Lifestyle-related factors
Body mass index (kg/m2)
 Normal (18.5–22.9)511 (91.9)45 (8.1)0.001247 (44.4)309 (55.6)0.002
 Underweight (<18.5)129 (96.2)5 (3.7)60 (44.8)74 (55.2)
 Overweight (23.0–27.5)569 (96.2)22 (3.7)317 (53.6)274 (46.4)
 Obese (>27.5)312 (96.8)10 (3.1)177 (54.9)145 (45.1)
Smoking history
 Current smoker288 (91.1)28 (8.9)0.001150 (47.5)166 (52.5)0.076
 Ex-smoker85 (92.4)7 (7.6)56 (60.9)36 (39.2)
 Non-smoker1140 (96.0)47 (3.9)593 (49.9)594 (50.1)
Chewing tobacco or betel leaf users
 Current user362 (94.0)23 (6.0)0.318212 (55.1)173 (44.9)0.053
 Former user28 (90.3)3 (9.7)17 (54.8)14 (45.2)
 Non-user1130 (95.3)56 (4.7)571 (48.2)615 (51.8)
Use of social media
 Yes267 (89.6)31 (10.4)<0.001108 (36.2)190 (63.8)<0.001
 No1254 (96.1)51 (3.91)693 (53.1)612 (46.9)
Clinical factors
Chronic disease
 No conditions965 (93.8)64 (6.2)0.124483 (46.9)546 (53.1)0.022
 Hypertension134 (95.1)7 (4.9)77 (54.6)64 (45.4)
 Diabetes204 (97.1)6 (2.9)123 (58.6)87 (41.4)
 Heart disease51 (98.1)1 (1.9)25 (48.1)27 (51.9)
 Asthma72 (97.3)2 (2.7)38 (51.4)36 (48.6)
 Others*95 (97.9)2 (2.1)55 (56.7)42 (43.3)
Anxiety
 Have anxiety239 (92.3)20 (7.7)0.038677 (50.4)667 (49.6)0.462
 Do not have anxiety1282 (95.4)62 (4.6)124 (47.8)135 (52.1)
Depressive symptom
 Have depressive symptom285 (95.6)13 (4.4)0.513650 (49.8)655 (50.2)0.788
 Do not have depressive symptom1236 (94.7)69 (5.3)151 (50.6)147 (49.3)
  • *Stroke, arthritis, cancer, kidney disease and others.