Table 1

Showing levels of district public health services in Uganda

Health facility levelAdministrative levelTarget populationMain function/infrastructural requirementFacility head
District health officeDistrict500 000–2 millionResource distribution, staffingDHO, MD or public health specialist
District hospitalDistrict500 000–2 millionBeds for up to 200 inpatients, operation theatre, general laboratory, often with NCD clinicMedical director (MD or public health specialist)
Health centre IV (HC IV)County100 000–500 000Beds for up to 30 inpatients, operation theatre, general laboratory, provides HIV care including ARTMD
HC IIISubcounty30 000Maternity unit, provides HIV care including ART, limited NCD careNon-MD clinician or midwife
HC IIParish5000–10 000First-line emergency and outpatient careNurse
HC IVillage1000–5000Outreach post, village health teamVisiting health staff
  • ART, antiretroviral therapy; DHO, district health officer; NCD, non-communicable disease.