Table 2

Different preoperative factors and surgery outcomes between frail patients and non-frail patients

TotalFrailty indexP value
01
Sex0.231
 Male1679077
 Female874047
 Age (Embedded Image)68.97±6.6467.77±5.8770.23±7.170.003*
History of alcohol abuse0.863
 No210108102
 Yes442222
Smoking history0.273
 No1748589
 Yes804535
ASA score0.333
 119118
 21156055
 31115754
 4927
NNIS score0.157
 0624
 11005941
 21446876
 3413
Clinical T staging0.703
 11046
 21095356
 3292019
 4965343
Surgery repeated in 30 days0.733
 No233 (91.7)120 (92.3)113 (91.1)
 Yes21 (8.3)10 (7.7)11 (8.9)
Postoperative complications0.273
 No140 (55.1)76 (58.5)64 (51.6)
 Yes114 (44.9)54 (41.5)60 (48.4)
Number of postoperative complications0.312
 0140 (55.1)76 (58.5)64 (51.6)
 192 (36.2)43 (33.1)49 (39.5)
 217 (6.7)9 (6.9)8 (6.5)
 35 (2.0)2 (1.5)3 (2.4)
Number of tubes0.903
 096 (37.8)48 (36.9)48 (38.7)
 1132 (52.0)71 (54.6)61 (49.2)
 224 (9.4)11 (8.5)13 (10.5)
 352 (0.8)0 (0.0)2 (1.6)
Hospital length of stay (M (P25, P75))11 (9, 13)10 (9, 13)12 (9, 14)0.067
Hospital length of stay (M (P25, P75))0.018*
Shorter than 11 days142 (56.3)82 (63.6)60 (48.8)
Longer than 11 days110 (43.7)47 (36.4)63 (51.2)
White cell count (Embedded Image)12.74±4.1512.35±3.5613.18±4.670.112
Haemoglobin level (Embedded Image)106.45±15.13106.23±14.16106.68+16.150.815
Potassium level (Embedded Image)3.62±0.433.66±0.423.59±0.440.243
Albumin level (Embedded Image)27.59±5.0027.05±4.4428.15±5.450.083
  • *represents statictical significance (p<0.05)

  • ASA, American Society of Anesthesiologists; NNIS, National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance.