Table 3

Multinomial logistic regression for the association between income-related variables and child weight gain and weight loss compared with the reference category of ‘healthy growth or no weight change’, overall and stratified by child gender

Child weight loss
Adjusted OR (95% CI)*
Child weight gain
Adjusted OR (95% CI)*
OverallFemaleMaleOverallFemaleMale
Filed for unemployment1.06 (0.78 to 1.42)1.23 (0.82 to 1.85)0.93 (0.59 to 1.45)1.18 (0.99 to 1.40)1.24 (0.97 to 1.59)1.14 (0.90 to 1.44)
Job loss by one caregiver1.21 (0.92 to 1.58)1.24 (0.85 to 1.80)1.21 (0.82 to 1.79)1.32 (1.13 to 1.53)1.38 (1.11 to 1.71)1.27 (1.03 to 1.56)
Job loss by two caregivers7.81 (5.16 to 11.83)7.18 (3.60 to 14.32)8.19 (4.80 to 13.98)2.03 (1.37 to 3.03)2.04 (1.04 to 3.99)2.05 (1.24 to 3.38)
Difficulty paying bills or buying necessities2.75 (2.12 to 3.57)2.72 (1.88 to 3.95)2.97 (2.05 to 4.31)1.99 (1.67 to 2.37)1.96 (1.52 to 2.53)2.05 (1.60 to 2.61)
Unable to pay rent or mortgage3.05 (2.12 to 4.38)3.25 (1.96 to 5.39)3.17 (1.88 to 5.36)2.01 (1.54 to 2.61)2.19 (1.51 to 3.18)1.76 (1.20 to 2.59)
Unable to access necessary supplies or food2.12 (1.56 to 2.88)2.12 (1.36 to 3.31)2.27 (1.49 to 3.46)1.78 (1.46 to 2.17)1.76 (1.30 to 2.39)1.75 (1.34 to 2.30)
Major disruption to household food supply6.05 (4.77 to 7.68)7.93 (5.67 to 11.09)4.69 (3.30 to 6.66)2.99 (2.52 to 3.54)2.89 (2.24 to 3.74)3.09 (2.46 to 3.89)
  • *ORs were adjusted for child age, child gender and parent ethnicity.