Table 1

Socio-demographic and background characteristics (n=652)

N=652 (%)
Gender*
 Male245 (37.7)
 Female390 (60.0)
 Other15 (2.3)
Age
 18–25115 (18.6)
 26–34209 (33.8)
 35–44143 (23.1)
 45 or older151 (24.4)
Race (ethnicity)†
 White26 (4.0)
 Coloured444 (68.4)
 Black African165 (25.4)
 Other14 (2.2)
Highest level of education
 Less than high school102 (16.0)
 Some high school301 (46.5)
 Completed high school148 (23.0)
 Some university or more education96 (14.5)
Country of origin‡
 South Africa562 (89.2)
 Zimbabwe61 (9.7)
 Other7 (1.1)
Language used for survey§
 English559 (86.4)
 Afrikaans39 (6.0)
 isiXhosa34 (5.3)
 Other15 (2.3)
Relationship status
 Single251 (38,6)
 In a relationship/living as though married169 (26.1)
 Married or engaged155 (24.0)
 Divorced39 (6.0)
 Other37 (5.7)
Number of people living in household¶
 1–4307 (48.1)
 5–10263 (41.2)
 11 or more68 (10.7)
Area where recruited for survey**
 Hout Bay226 (34.7)
 City of Cape Town403 (61.9)
 Outside City of Cape Town22 (3.4)
  • Owing to missing data, column numbers may not add to n=652. Percentage totals exclude missing cases.

  • *‘Other’ Includes ‘non-binary’ (n=4) and unspecified others (n=11).

  • †‘Coloured’ refers to a mixed race; ‘Other’ included ‘Asian/Indian’ (n=5) and unspecified ‘others’ (n=9).

  • ‡‘Other’ countries include: Malawi and Namibia (both n=2), and Burundi, Congo and Mozambique (all n=1).

  • §‘Other’ includes ‘Shona’ (n=1) and unspecified ‘others’ (n=14).

  • ¶The numbers reported include participant-estimated numbers of ‘household’ if the participant was residing in a residential facility.

  • **Hout Bay is a seaside suburb of Cape Town which includes informal settlements.