Table 1

Six evidence-based innovative models of care

ModelDescriptionExample
Ambulatory care and diagnostic hospitalsNon-admitted services, where patient care does not involve an overnight stay and usually involves diagnosis and treatment on the same day.Same-day joint arthroplasty21
Digital hospitalsHospitals that make extensive use of new technologies to provide streamlined care, improve patient safety and care quality and improve overall care cost-effectiveness.Machine learning algorithm for prediction of post-total hip arthroplasty complications22
Hospital in the homeSome or all of patient care and consultation which is typically delivered in the hospital settings is delivered to patients in their own home.Early discharge hospital at home care for chronic obstructive airway disease managed by a community service23
Integrated careMultidimensional needs of the patient are delivered in a coordinated manner by an interdisciplinary team or network of healthcare professionals.Orthogeriatric fracture service24
Virtual carePatient care and consultation delivered through telephone or video communication.Telehealth management in patients with heart failure25
Specialist hospitals and population-specific care unitsSpecialist hospitals provide selective care services for targeted patient groups. Population-specific care units are pathways within general hospitals dedicated to treatment of specific conditions.Comprehensive cancer centres26