Table 3

The percentage response frequencies for each item of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND)

FTND itemPercentage of responses for each score (n=1244)
Item 1: how soon after you wake up do you smoke your first cigarette?37.820.123.019.1
Item 2: do you find it difficult to refrain from smoking in places where it is forbidden?77.322.8
Item 3: which cigarette would you hate most to give up?64.435.6
Item 4: how many cigarettes per day do you smoke?31.953.46.28.5
Item 5: do you smoke more frequently during the first hours after waking up than during the rest of the day?83.416.6
Item 6: do you smoke when you are so ill that you are in bed most of the day?82.717.3