Table 1

The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence items, response options and scoring

ItemResponse optionsNumerical value
How soon after you wake up do you smoke your first cigarette?Within 5 min3
6–30 min2
31–60 min1
After 60 min0
Do you find it difficult to refrain from smoking in places where it is forbidden?No0
Which cigarette would you hate most to give up?The first one in the morning1
Any other0
How many cigarettes per day do you smoke?10 or less0
31 or more3
Do you smoke more frequently during the first hours after waking up than during the rest of the day?No0
Do you smoke when you are so ill that you are in bed most of the day?No0