Table 4

Factors associated with successful treatment outcomes among young patients with TB

VariableNo (%)UnadjustedAdjusted
OR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P value
Sex
 Male2271 (46.4)1.001.00
 Female2628 (53.6)1.30 (1.04 to 1.61)0.0191.02 (0.80 to 1.29)0.86
Age (years)
 15–192358 (48.1)1.00
 20–242541 (51.9)0.99 (0.79 to 1.23)0.95
Category of treatment
 I4197 (85.7)1.001.00
 II702 (14.3)0.20 (0.16 to 0.26)<0.0010.8 (0.34 to 1.86)0.61
Sputum result
 Negative1197 (43.3)1.001.00
 Scanty67 (2.4)0.52 (0.37 to 0.73)<0.0010.55 (0.26 to 1.13)0.108
 1+637 (23.1)0.36 (0.26 to 0.50)<0.0010.67 (0.47 to 0.95)0.026
 2+541 (19.6)0.31 (0.19 to 0.44)<0.0010.46 (0.33 to 0.65)<0.001
 3+320 (11.6)0.41 (0.20 to 0.83)0.0140.42 (0.29 to 0.60)<0.001
History of TB treatment
 Yes770 (51.7)1.001.00
 No4129 (84.3)4.46 (3.72 to 5.84)<0.0012.88 (1.24 to 6.66)0.013
Type of TB
 Pulmonary2762 (56.4)1.001.00
 Extrapulmonary2137 (43.6)7.81 (5.37 to 11.3)<0.0013.23 (0.42 to 24.4)0.25
  • TB, tuberculosis.