Table 3

Self-perceived training amount and confidence level

training amount
confidence level
Checking for level of consciousness*11–30Agree0.485
Placing someone in a recovery position*11–30Agree0.456
Performing basic CPR*11–30Agree0.414
Using a pocket mask1–5Neither agree nor disagree0.808
Using a bag-valve-mask1–5Disagree0.808
Automatic blood pressure measurement>30Strongly agree0.799
Manual blood pressure measurement11–30Agree0.818
Managing and controlling a traumatic bleeding6–10Neither agree nor disagree0.584
Writing a vital parameter chart1–5Neither agree nor disagree0.918
Interpreting a vital parameter chartN/AAgree
Placing an intravenous line6–10Disagree0.792
Placing an intraosseous line0Strongly disagree0.863
Taking an arterial blood gas0Strongly disagree0.897
Interpreting an arterial blood gasN/ANeither agree nor disagree
Withdrawing medication from a glass ampoule1–5Disagree0.879
Taking a 12-lead ECG1–5Neither agree nor disagree0.871
Interpreting a 12-lead ECGN/ANeither agree nor disagree
Using a CorPuls3 multimonitor0Strongly disagree0.812
Using an EMS radio terminal0Strongly disagree0.742
Using ultrasound in an acute situationN/AStrongly disagree
  • Median values reported by all respondents together. Median training amount displays the number of times each procedure has been performed. Spearman correlations between the training amount and confidence level for each specific item are shown in the right column. All correlations are significant at the p<0.01 level.

  • *Median training amount was calculated only for practice situations.

  • EMS, Emergency medical service; N/A, not included in the questionnaire.