Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria for motherExclusion criteria for mother
  • Monofoetal pregnancy

  • Non-monofoetal pregnancy

  • Resident in study area with no plans to move away during the period of the study

  • Plans to move away during the period of the study

  • Agrees to participate in study and provided written consent. If minor, has assented and guardian or parent provided consent

  • Does not consent

  • Mother and neonate returned home before stool sample collection of the household members took place

Inclusion criteria for neonateExclusion criteria for neonate
  • Live birth

  • Parents or guardians reside in study area with no plans to move away during the period of the study

  • Parents or guardians agree that the neonate participate to the study and provided written consent

  • Stillbirth

  • Parents or guardians reside in study area with plans to move away during the period of the study

  • Parents or guardians does not consent

  • Mother and neonate returned home before stool sample collection of the household members took place

Inclusion criteria for member of the householdExclusion criteria for member of the household
  • Lives in the same household as the mother and neonate

  • Does not live in the same household as the mother and neonate

  • Resides a minimum of 4 nights per week in the household

  • Agrees to participate in study and provided written consent. If minor, has assented and guardian or parent provided consent

  • Does not reside a minimum of 4 nights per week in the household

  • Does not consent

  • Mother and neonate returned home before stool sample collection of the household members took place

  • The household is excluded if a member of the household does not agree to participate or does not consent