Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria for the systematic review

ConceptInclusionExclusion
ParticipantsUniversity students
College students
Vocational students
Medical residents
Post graduate
Rurally employed
Phenomena of interestEducational strategies include but not limited to:
Co-operative education
Placement
Special curriculum or courses
Rurally focused schools
Non-educational strategies:
Incentives
ContextAuthor defined rural areas in the following countries:
Canada
Australia
Scandinavia
USA
Undefined urban–rural classification
Types of sourcesQualitative research
Phenomenology
Ethnography
Thematic analysis
Qualitative description
Action research
Mixed method at the research team’s discretion (ie, must be a thick description)
Quantitative research
Opinion pieces
Reviews