Table 3

Incremental per capita medical expenditures and productivity losses due to excess weight (regression-controlled)

Medical expenditure,
S$ (95% CI)
Absenteeism days
(95% CI)*
Absenteeism cost,
S$ (95% CI)*
Chinese
 Normal (ref)
 Overweight57 (–143 to 256)1.0† (0.0 to 1.9)147 (–29 to 324)
 Obese720† (96 to 1345)1.6 (–1.1 to 4.2)315 (–277 to 906)
 Number of observations242713351335
Indian
 Normal (ref)
 Overweight13 (–254 to 280)0.4 (–1.0 to 1.8)19 (–141 to 178)
 Obese18 (–328 to 364)2.1 (–0.5 to 4.6)310‡ (−46 to 653)
 Number of observations210711661166
Malay
 Normal (ref)
 Overweight104 (–372 to 580)0.8 (–1.3 to 2.8)127 (–240 to 494)
 Obese325 (–198 to 848)0.7 (–1.6 to 3.0)96 (–243 to 435)
 Number of observations1225515515
  • Reference category is normal, 18.5–24.9 kg/m2; overweight, 25.0–29.9 kg/m2; obese, ≥30.0 kg/m2.

  • *Among employed workers only.

  • †P < 0.05.

  • ‡P < 0.10.

  • §P < 0.01.