Table 2

Proportions of medications in patients with T2DM treated with insulin-based therapy

MedicationsCategoryFrequencyPercentage (%)Mean (±SD)
T2DM medicationsInsulin alone235.7
Insulin+metformin24159.8
Insulin+metformin+glibenclamide13934.5
Type of insulin usedNPH31377.7
Premixed9022.3
Antihypertensive medicationsEnalapril28270
Amlodipine6616.4
Hydrochlorothiazide5513.6
Atenolol194.7
Metoprolol153.7
Nifedipine123%
Furosemide71.7
Lipid-lowering agentsAtorvastatin14335.5
Simvastatin4811.9
Other class of medicationsAspirin24059.6
Amitriptyline235.7
Gastrointestinal143.5
ART medication (TDF/3TC/DTG)112.7
Antibiotics102.5
Antiasthmatic drugs51.2
Antithyroid drugs51.2
Average daily dose of insulin (unit)16.9 (±5.7)
Average daily dose of metformin (mg)1356.8 (±428.9)
Average daily dose of glibenclamide (mg)13.2 (±5.1)
  • ART, anti retroviral therapy; NPH, neutral protamine hagedorn; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus.