Table 1

Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics for each group

CPT n=44SKY n=41
Age, mean (SD), y56.4 (12.9)57.4 (12.6)
Sex
 Female/male3 (7%)/41 (93%)7 (17%)/34 (83%)
Marital status
 Married or living with a partner20 (45%)14 (34%)
 Not married24 (55%)27 (66%)
Education, mean (SD), y14.8 (2.6)14.6 (2.6)
Ethnicity
 Hispanic9 (20%)11 (27%)
 Non-Hispanic34 (77%)29 (71%)
 Unknown1 (2%)1 (2%)
Race (can be>1)
 Asian4 (9%)1 (2%)
 African American5 (11%)8 (20%)
 White29 (66%)22 (54%)
 Other5 (11%)10 (24%)
Military service*
 Air Force7 (16%)3 (7%)
 Army18 (41%)18 (44%)
 Marine Corps7 (16%)4 (10%)
 Navy11 (25%)15 (37%)
 Air Force, Army1 (2%)0
 Army, Marine Corps01 (2%)
Combat status
 Exposed to combat27 (61%)21 (51%)
 Not exposed to combat17 (39%)20 (40%)
Service era*
 Korea1 (2%)1 (2%)
 Vietnam14 (32%)14 (34%)
 Operation Desert Storm/Desert Shield8 (18%)6 (15%)
 Operation Enduring Freedom/ Iraqi Freedom10 (23%)8 (20%)
 Other14 (32%)14 (34%)
Clinical characteristics, mean (SD)
 CAPS-5 total (SD)†34.1 (14.4)32.3 (14.2)
 PTSD diagnosis‡29 (66%)26 (63%)
 Anxiety disorder§28 (64%)25 (61%)
 Alcohol use disorder§9 (20%)8 (20%)
 Substance use disorder§2 (5%)5 (12%)
 Generalised anxiety disorder§20 (45%)9 (22%)
 Antisocial personality disorder§5 (11%)3 (7%)
  • *Multiple responses were permitted.

  • †Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-5) scores.

  • ‡Based on DSM-5 diagnostic rules applied to CAPS-5.

  • §Assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview29 and included panic disorder, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder and generalised anxiety disorder. Details of anxiety disorder diagnoses are shown in online supplemental table 4.

  • CPT, cognitive processing therapy; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; SKY, Sudarshan Kriya Yoga.