Table 1

Participant characteristics at baseline

No participants (%)
SexMale5106 (30.2)
Female11 804 (69.8)
Working ageYes (16 to 65)10 338 (61.1)
No6570 (38.9)
EthnicityMinority ethnic894 (5.3)
White16 015 (94.7)
CountryScotland1029 (6.1)
Wales604 (3.6)
Northern Ireland314 (1.9)
England14 956 (88.4)
IMD quartile1 (most deprived)3990 (23.6)
24191 (24.8)
34299 (25.4)
4 (least deprived)4410 (26.1)
Claiming universal creditYes464 (2.7)
No16 390 (96.9)
OccupationSelf-employed1554 (9.2)
Retired7547 (44.6)
Furloughed386 (2.3)
Unemployed296 (1.8)
Student345 (2.0)
Other394 (2.3)
Never employed10 (0.01)
Not working due to sickness281 (1.7)
Employed6097 (36.1)
HousingMortgage4250 (25.1)
Private renting1227 (7.3)
Renting council531 (3.1)
Other724 (4.3)
Owns home10 174 (60.2)
Self-reported general healthPoor480 (2.8)
Fair1808 (10.7)
Good4537 (26.8)
Very good6691 (39.6)
Excellent3394 (20.1)
Income sufficient to cover basic needsYes15 749 (93.1)
Mostly617 (3.6)
Sometimes147 (0.9)
No396 (2.3)
  • 1 Missing data: working age (N=2, 0.01%), ethnicity (N=1, <0.01%), country (N=7, 0.04%), IMD quartile (N=20, 0.12%), housing (N=4, 0.02%), universal credit (N=56, 0.3%), income sufficient (N=1, <0.01%).

  • IMD, Index of Multiple Deprivation.