Table 3

Impact of self-reported long COVID and hospitalisation for COVID-19 on reporting insufficient income during follow-up

VariableResponseShort-term responsesLong-term responses
Adjusted OR (95% CI)P valueAdjusted OR (95% CI)P value
Self-report of long COVIDNo COVID-19 (ref)1.001.00
COVID-19, no long COVID1.44 (1.15 to 1.80)0.0030.90 (0.75 to 1.08)0.263
Long COVID1.50 (1.14 to 1.95)0.0021.26 (0.98 to 1.61)0.067
P for trend0.0020.477
Hospitalisation due to COVID-19No COVID-19 (ref)1.001.00
COVID-19, not hospitalised1.37 (1.10 to 1.71)0.0020.99 (0.85 to 1.16)0.942
COVID-19, hospitalised1.91 (0.694 to 5.25)0.2201.38 (0.69 to 2.78)0.365
P for trend0.0020.902
  • Multivariable regression models fully adjusted for the following baseline variables: sex, age, ethnicity, country, IMD quartile, occupation, housing and self-reported general health.

  • IMD, Index of Multiple Deprivation.