Table 5

Multivariate analysis for association of maternal syphilis in pregnant women attending ANC at public health facilities in Buno Bedele zone, southwest Ethiopia, 2021

VariableCategoriesSyphilis
Yes, n (%)
Syphilis
No, n (%)
COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Husband’s habit of substance useYes8 (2.99)259 (97)4.0 (1.3 to 12.4)3.3 (1.04 to 10.7)*
No5 (0.76)648 (99.2)11
Drinking alcoholYes1 (5.2)18 (94.7)4.2 (0.5 to 33.4)2.9 (0.3 to 32.5)
No12 (1.32)889 (98.6)11
Substance useYes2 (4.6)41 (95.3)3.8 (0.8 to 17.9)1.3 (0.2 to 8.3)
No11 (1.25)866 (98.7)11
Number of pregnancyMultigravida11 (1.78)605 (98.2)2.7 (0.6 to 12.5)2.4 (0.5 to 11.4)
Primigravida2 (0.65)302 (99.3)11
ANC visitsMore than one5 (3.5)137 (96.4)3.5 (1.1 to 10.9)3.5 (1.07 to 10.5)*
First8 (1)770 (98.9)11
ResidenceRural12 (2.05)571 (97.9)7.06 (0.9 to 54.5)5.1 (0.6 to 42.4)
Urban1 (0.29)336 (99.7)11
Woman’s educationNo formal education4 (5.47)69 (94.5)5.3 (1.6 to 17.9)3.6 (1.02 to 13.2)*
Formal education9 (1.06)838 (98.9)11
Husband’s educationNo formal education2 (8)23 (92)6.9 (1.5 to 33.3)1.2 (0.2 to 7.9)
Formal education11 (1.2)884 (98.7)11
Blood transfusion historyYes1 (5.26)18 (94.7)4.1 (0.5 to 33.4)6.5 (0.7 to 61.9)
No12 (1.33)889 (98.6)11
STI historyYes1 (6.66)14 (93.3)5.3 (0.64 to 43.7)1.6 (0.15 to 17.2)
No12 (1.32)893 (98.6)11
Husband’s STI historyYes2 (5.8)32 (94.1)4.9 (1.05 to 23.3)2.3 (0.4 to 13.7)
No11 (1.24)875 (98.7)11
Pregnancy complicationsYes2 (3.3)58 (96.6)2.6 (0.57 to 12.3)1.03 (0.2 to 6.8)
No11 (1.27)849 (98.7)11
Age at marriageUnder 1811 (2.55)419 (97.4)6.4 (3.4 to 7.80)4.3 (2.2 to 7.9)*
Above 182 (0.4)488 (99.5)1
KnowledgePoor6 (3)194 (97)3.15 (1.04 to 9.5)3.3 (1.04 to 10.4)*
Good7 (0.9)713 (99.02)11
  • *Statistically significant association at p value less than 0.05.

  • ANC, antenatal care; AOR, adjusted OR; COR, crude OR; STI, sexually transmitted infection.