Table 3

Logistic regression with ischaemic heart disease and/or stroke (ICHS)

VariableCOR (95% CI)P valueAOR (95% CI)P value
Sociodemographic factors
Age (years)
 15–291 (reference)1 (reference)
 30–441.62 (1.27 to 2.07)<0.0011.31 (0.99 to 1.73)0.059
 45–692.13 (1.67 to 2.71)<0.0011.68 (1.24 to 2.28)<0.001
Sex
 Female1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Male0.76 (0.64 to 0.90)<0.0010.66 (0.53 to 0.82)<0.001
Education (in years)
 0–91 (reference)
 10–110.81 (0.65 to 1.02)0.074
 ≥120.89 (0.72 to 1.09)0.246
Marital status
 Not married1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Married/cohabiting1.55 (1.27 to 1.89)<0.0011.26 (1.01 to 1.58)0.043
Household adult members
 1–21 (reference)
 3 or more0.89 (0.76 to 1.05)0.183
Employed
 No1 (reference)
 Yes1.08 (0.90 to 1.19)0.425
Residence
 Rural1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Urban1.44 (1.13 to 1.83)0.0031.46 (1.13 to 1.88)0.004
Ethnic group
 Other1 (reference)
 Khalkh092 (0.70 to 1.20)0.538
Psychosocial stress
Childhood physical abuse
 No1 (reference)
 Yes1.17 (0.97 to 1.40)0.098
Childhood sexual abuse
 No1 (reference)
 Yes1.39 (0.90 to 2.14)0.139
Adult sexual abuse
 No1 (reference)
 Yes1.21 (0.83 to 1.80)0.316
Threats
 No1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Yes2.56 (1.90 to 3.45)<0.0012.24 (1.58 to 3.18)<0.001
Alcohol family problem
 No1 (reference)
 Yes1.14 (0.92 to 1.41)0.217
Biological risk factors
Central obesity
 No1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Yes1.29 (1.08 to 1.55)0.0050.90 (0.74 to 1.10)0.310
Hypertension
 No1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Yes1.55 (1.29 to 1.86)<0.0011.38 (1.12 to 1.71)0.003
Diabetes status
 No1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Pre-diabetes1.09 (0.88 to 1.35)0.4320.97 (0.77 to 1.24)0.836
 Diabetes1.34 (1.02 to 1.76)0.0381.28 (0.95 to 1.72)0.107
Raised total cholesterol
 No1 (reference)
 Yes1.06 (0.89 to 1.27)0.494
Behavioural risk factors
Current tobacco use
 No1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Yes1.21 (1.01 to 1.46)0.0391.27 (1.01 to 1.59)0.042
Passive smoking
 No1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Yes1.57 (1.30 to 1.88)<0.0011.39 (1.13 to 1.69)<0.001
Heavy episodic drinking
 No1 (reference)
 Yes1.21 (0.97 to 1.51)0.090
Sedentary behaviour
 No1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Yes1.53 (1.21 to 1.94)<0.0011.48 (1.16 to 1.89)0.002
Physical activity
 Low1 (reference)1 (reference)
 Moderate1.24 (0.97 to 1.60)0.0901.16 (0.89 to 1.52)0.276
 High1.27 (1.02 to 1.59)0.0361.35 (1.07 to 1.71)0.013
Salt consumption
 Low1 (reference)1 (reference)
 High1.38 (1.16 to 1.63)<0.0011.20 (1.00 to 1.44)0.054
Vegetable/fruit consumption/servings a day
 ≥51 (reference)
 <50.95 (0.77 to 1.16)0.586
  • AOR, adjusted OR; COR, crude OR.