Table 2

Participants’ characteristics

Total
(n=309)
Mental imagery (n=104)Part-Task trainer (n=100)Written instructions (n=105)P value
Age, years (mean±SD)21.3±1.921.1±1.921.2±1.721.6±2.20.500
Female sex, n (%)189 (61.2)64 (62.1)69 (68.3)56 (53.3)0.085*
German mother tongue, n (%)282 (91.0)92 (89.3)92 (91.1)98 (92.5)0.545*
No previous experience in healthcare, n (%)301 (97.4)101 (98.1)96 (95.0)104 (98.1)0.563*
Individual sum of previous attempts at intravenous-cannulation in part-task trainer simulation, n (mean±SD)3.0±1.93.1±1.92.9±1.93.0±1.90.693
Individual sum of previous attempts at human intravenous cannulation,
n (mean±SD)
3.2±8.02.3±1.93.8±9.03.6±10.40.372
  • *χ2.