Table 1

Participant characteristics of a population-based sample of women and men in central Uganda, 2017–2019, N=15 668

Total sample (N=15 668)Women (n=9609)Men (n=6059)
n (%)/mean (SD)Rangen (%)/mean (SD)Rangen (%)/mean (SD)Range
Demographics variables
Age31.41 (11.19)15–5930.80 (10.87)15–5932.40 (11.61)16–59
Marital status
 Married, living together8080 (51.60)5140 (53.60)2940 (48.50)
 Married, separated1966 (12.50)1376 (14.30)590 (0.70)
 Widowed408 (2.60)372 (3.90)36 (0.60)
 Divorced2255 (14.40)1567 (16.30)688 (11.40)
 Never married2959 (18.90)1154 (12.00)1805 (29.80)
Education
 Greater than secondary670 (4.30)388 (4.0)282 (4.70)
 Secondary4267 (27.20)2747 (28.60)1520 (25.10)
 Primary9642 (61.50)5726 (59.6)3916 (64.60)
 No schooling1089 (7.00)748 (7.80)341 (5.60)
Health variables
Healthcare past 6 months
 Outpatient only6233 (39.80)4000 (41.60)2233 (36.90)
 Inpatient734 (4.70)554 (5.80)180 (3.00)
 None8701 (55.50)5055 (52.60)3646 (60.20)
Ever received mental health services971 (6.20)667 (6.90)304 (5.00)
HIV test results
 Known positive592 (3.80)468 (4.90)124 (2.00)
 Newly diagnosed positive262 (1.70)159 (1.70)103 (1.70)
 HIV negative14 814 (94.50)8982 (93.50)5832 (96.30)
Alcohol misuse2587 (16.50)1237 (12.90)1350 (22.30)
Contraceptive use/pregnancy
 Uses hormonal contraceptive3037 (31.60)
 Pregnant929 (9.70)
 Neither5643 (58.70)
Depression
CES-D-10 score5.67 (5.69)0.00–30.005.83 (5.83)0.00–30.005.30 (5.43)0.00–30.00
Significant depressive symptoms2142 (13.70)1415 (14.70)727 (12.0)
  • Alcohol misuse=AUDIT C score ≥3 for women and ≥ for men; significant depressive symptoms=CES-D-10 >13.

  • AUDIT-C, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Consumption ; CES-D-10, 10-item Center for the Epidemiological Studies of Depression.