Table 3

Bivariate logistic model associations with significant depressive symptoms among a population-based sample of women and men in central Uganda, 2017–2019, N=15 668

Women (n=9609)Men (n=6059)
OR95% CIOR95% CI
Health variables
Healthcare past 6 months
 Outpatient only3.883.36 to 4.483.602.98 to 4.35
 Inpatient5.504.31 to 7.013.672.42 to 5.58
 None (ref.)
Ever received mental health services
 Yes0.250.17 to 0.370.290.16 to 0.53
 No (ref.)
HIV test results
 Known positive1.951.54 to 2.491.640.98 to 2.74
 Newly diagnosed positive1.480.94 to 2.331.510.86 to 2.65
 HIV negative (ref.)
Alcohol misuse (AUDIT-C+)
 Yes1.461.23 to 1.741.821.50 to 2.21
 No (ref.)
Hormonal contraceptive use/pregnancy
 Uses hormonal contraceptive0.770.66 to 0.89
 Pregnant0.890.71 to 1.13
 Neither (ref.)
Demographics variables
Age1.391.32 to 1.471.341.24 to 1.43
Household economic status0.960.92 to 1.000.970.92 to 1.02
Marital status
 Married, living together1.791.39 to 2.321.861.47 to 2.35
 Married, separated2.571.92 to 3.421.340.93 to 1.93
 Widowed3.542.46 to 5.093.641.56 to 8.48
 Divorced3.272.47 to 4.342.331.73 to 3.14
 Never married (ref.)
Education
 Greater than secondary0.560.38 to 0.851.240.71 to 2.17
 Secondary0.670.52 to 0.861.020.67 to 1.55
 Primary0.790.63 to 0.991.090.74 to 1.62
 No schooling (ref.)
  • Bold indicates p<0.05.

  • AUDIT-C, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Consumption ; CI, Confidence Interval; OR, Odds Ratio.