Table 3

Prevalence of depression among study participants

IPV or IPV subtypeNo prenatal depressionPrenatal depressionχ2 P value*
Overall IPV64.257 <0.001
 No3142 (98.3)215 (90.3)
 Yes54 (1.7)23 (9.7)
Mental violence36.892† <0.001
 No3155 (98.7)222 (93.3)
 Yes41 (1.3)16 (6.7)
Physical violence31.369† <0.001
 No3185 (99.7)230 (96.6)
 Yes11 (0.3)8 (3.4)
Sexual violence23.669† <0.001
 No3181 (99.5)230 (96.6)
 Yes15 (0.5)8 (3.4)
Total3196 (93.1)238 (6.9)
  • Data are presented as n (%).

  • *Values in bold face are statistically significant at p<0.05.

  • †Calibration χ2 test.

  • IPV, intimate partner violence.