Table 4

Predictors of moderate-to-extremely severe depression, anxiety and stress in respondents stranded abroad during COVID-19 (n=956)

VariablesDepressionAnxietyStress
OR95% CIP valueOR95% CIP valueOR95% CIP value
Age (years)0.0050.0300.007
18–29*
30–490.5350.366 to 0.7800.6460.461 to 0.9060.6440.452 to 0.917
50–690.5420.350 to 0.8390.5630.375 to 0.8450.5790.383 to 0.873
>690.3030.097 to 0.9450.7670.238 to 2.4070.1740.046 to 0.660
Perceived risk of COVID-190.0260.0030.003
Not applicable1.5950.384 to 6.6271.6080.433 to 5.8402.3170.573 to 9.368
Low risk*
Moderate risk1.0990.723 to 1.6720.7000.456 to 1.0761.0420.691 to 1.571
High risk1.6171.147 to 2.2791.3640.973 to 1.9121.7081.223 to 2.387
Time stranded<0.001<0.0010.003
No wait0.8930.399 to 1.9970.6970.308 to 1.5790.9360.421 to 2.082
<1 month0.3570.174 to 0.7350.3320.149 to 0.7380.4590.224 to 0.940
1–2 months0.3960.201 to 0.7810.4200.208 to 0.8490.4750.242 to 0.932
2–3 months0.5870.313 to 1.1010.5710.303 to 1.0780.7020.377 to 1.308
3–5 months*
>5 months1.2810.770 to 2.1290.9840.601 to 1.6101.0620.647 to 1.743
Homelessness, ref no1.5220.947 to 2.4440.0821.3920.920 to 2.1050.1181.1860.767 to 1.8340.444
Employment change, ref no1.4051.040 to 1.9000.0271.5691.177 to 2.0920.0021.5641.171 to 2.0900.002
Financial stress, ref no1.5011.103 to 2.0410.0101.7281.268 to 2.345<0.0011.6821.246 to 2.269<0.001
  • OR, log OR controlling for other variables in the model; EXP (B), adjusted OR; p, probability value (statistically significant <0.05).

  • *Reference variable.