Table 2

Subgroup analyses for included studies

SubgroupsNumber of studiesOR (95% CI)I2
Sample size
 <40031.61 (0.734 to 3.506)76.3%
 ≥40042.64 (1.369 to 5.095)71.6%
Study region
 Amhara22.66 (0.57 to 12.38)88.8%
 Addis Ababa31.83 (0.676 to 4.974)81.6%
 Other22.07 (1.395 to 3.077)0.0%
Mean age
 ≤45 years43.31 (1.129 to 9.718)80.0%
 >45 years31.80 (1.046 to 3.108)69.1%
Prevalence of depression
 <30%22.37 (1.609 to 3.488)0.0%
 ≥30%51.99 (0.948 to 4.172)80.1%