Table 3

Correlates of change in cigarette use status and number of cigarettes used per week

VariableChange in cigarette use statusChange in cigarettes per week
Increased use (vs no change)
aOR (95% CI)
Decreased use (vs no change)
aOR (95% CI)
β (SE), p value
Age
 18–241.05 (0.66 to 1.67)1.04 (0.70 to 1.55)5.60 (4.07), p=0.17
 25+RefRefRef
Sex
 MaleRefRefRef
 Female0.92 (0.33 to 2.54)1.32 (0.58 to 3.04)4.10 (8.97), p=0.65
Education attained
 Secondary school or less1.71 (0.45 to 6.41)1.07 (0.33 to 3.46)−15.52 (12.31), p=0.21
 High schoolRefRefRef
 College/university0.91 (0.59 to 1.42)1.29 (0.89 to 1.87)−3.10 (3.82), p=0.42
 Graduate degree2.52 (0.61 to 10.50)1.50 (0.37 to 6.03)16.45 (14.82), p=0.27
Income, per month
 IDR 0–1.5 million (<US$103)RefRefRef
 IDR 1.5–3.5 million (US$103–US$240) 1.74 (1.05 to 2.88)0.71 (0.47 to 1.07)7.01 (4.11), p=0.09
 IDR 3.5–7 million (US$240–US$480) 2.16 (1.19 to 3.92)1.16 (0.72 to 1.87)6.81 (5.08), p=0.18
 More than IDR 7 million (>US$480)0.74 (0.23 to 2.35)0.94 (0.45 to 1.96)7.68 (7.99), p=0.34
Urban status
 UrbanRefRefRef
 Suburban0.81 (0.51 to 1.28)0.77 (0.52 to 1.15)0.66 (3.89), p=0.86
 Rural0.72 (0.32 to 1.62)1.67 (0.99 to 2.81)4.76 (5.99), p=0.43
E-cigarette use status
 Increased use0.97 (0.28 to 3.39)1.64 (0.70 to 3.83)
 Stayed the sameRefRef
 Decreased use 3.00 (1.95 to 4.60)0.82 (0.51 to 1.31)
E-cigarette use frequency2.39 (0.89), p=0.007
  • Boldface denotes statistical significance p<0.05.

  • aOR, adjusted OR; IDR, Indonesian rupiah.