Table 4

Selected coefficients and SEs from OLS regression models of changes in sleep duration, COVID-19 Survey Data

Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5
Female0.13
(0.09 to 0.17)
0.11
(0.05 to 0.17)
0.11
(0.05 to 0.17)
0.08
(0.02 to 0.14)
−0.45
(−0.90 to 0.00)
Life course stage (ref=young single childless)
 Young partnered childless0.17
(−0.29 to −0.05)
0.21
(−0.33 to −0.09)
0.15
(−0.27 to −0.03)
−0.001
(−0.18 to 0.18)
 Partnered younger children0.41
(0.23 to 0.59)
0.40
(0.22 to 0.58)
0.42
(0.24 to 0.60)
0.28
(0.03 to 0.53)
 Partnered older children−0.01
(−0.13 to 0.11)
−0.11
(−0.23 to 0.08)
−0.06
(−0.18 to 0.06)
0.02
(−0.14 to 0.18)
 Single parent0.04
(−0.12 to 0.20)
0.04
(−0.12 to 0.20)
0.04
(−0.12 to 0.20)
−0.06
(−0.37 to 0.25)
 Older partnered childless0.08
(−0.12 to 0.28)
0.04
(−0.16 to 0.24)
0.06
(−0.14 to 0.26)
−0.16
(−0.15 to 0.15)
 Older single childless0.13
(−0.07 to 0.33)
0.10
(−0.10 to 0.30)
0.11
(−0.09 to 0.31)
−0.11
(−0.42 to 0.20)
Change in financial situation0.05
(−0.07 to −0.03)
−0.02
(−0.04 to −0.01)
−0.001
(−0.04 to 0.04)
Employment status (ref=not in the labour force)
 Employed, furloughed0.17
(−0.33 to −0.01)
0.18
(−0.34 to −0.02)
−0.03
(−0.27 to 0.21)
 Self-employed0.25
(−0.35 to −0.15)
0.20
(0.30 to −0.10)
0.20
(−0.34 to −0.06)
 Employed, not furloughed0.16
(−0.24 to −0.08)
−0.09
(−0.19 to 0.01)
−0.13
(−0.27 to 0.01)
Change in employment status (ref=new job)
 No change0.01
(−0.11 to 0.13)
0.03
(−0.09 to 0.15)
−0.11
(−0.33 to 0.11)
 Lose job0.24
(−0.42 to −0.06)
0.19
(−0.37 to −0.01)
0.56
(−0.85 to −0.27)
Keyworker0.08
(0.01 to 0.16)
0.10
(0.02 to 0.18)
0.16
(0.04 to 0.28)
Time spent on housework (ref=lowest quantile)
 Middle quantile−0.03
(−0.09 to 0.03)
−0.05
(−0.11 to 0.01)
0.01
(−0.09 to 0.11)
 Highest quantile0.01
(−0.07 to 0.09)
0.01
(−0.07 to 0.09)
0.05
(−0.05 to 0.15)
Loneliness (ref=hardly ever)
 Some of the time0.06
(0.01 to 0.12)
0.04
(−0.02 to 0.10)
 Often0.04
(−0.06 to 0.14)
0.04
(−0.08 to 0.16)
Feeling of depressed (ref=not at all)
 Several days0.15
(0.09 to 0.21)
0.15
(0.09 to 0.21)
 More than half the days0.38
(0.24 to 0.52)
0.39
(0.25 to 0.53)
 Nearly every day0.30
(0.12 to 0.48)
0.30
(0.12 to 0.48)
Female×life course stage (ref=young single childless)
 Female×young partnered childless0.28
(−0.48 to −0.08)
 Female×partnered younger children0.28
(0.05 to 0.61)
 Female×partnered older children−0.18
(−0.40 to 0.04)
 Female×single parent0.11
(−0.26 to 0.48)
 Female×older partnered childless0.37
(0.04 to 0.78)
 Female×older single childless0.40
(−0.01 to 0.81)
Female×change in employment status (ref=new job)
 Female×no change0.18
(−0.07 to 0.43)
 Female×lose job0.60
(0.23 to 0.97)
N85478547854785478547
Adj. R20.0230.0310.0390.0470.052
  • Note: all models adjust for age and age-squared, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, physical activity, loneliness, feeling of depressed, had any coronavirus-related symptoms, partner’s employment status and region. Bold font indicates two-tailed tests are significant at the 95% level.