Table 4

Distribution of determinants by pattern

N (%)
FactorECNRsSNRs
Pattern 1 (n=24)Pattern 2 (n=32)Pattern 3 (n=15)Pattern 4 (n=165)Pattern 5 (n=175)Pattern 1 (n=40)Pattern 2 (n=36)Pattern 3 (n=324)Pattern 4 (n=325)Pattern 5 (n=39)Pattern 6 (n=26)
GenderFemale18 (75.0)28 (87.5)9 (60.0)130 (78.8)134 (76.6)39 (97.5)36 (100.0)309 (95.4)313 (96.3)37 (94.9)26 (100.0)
Type of facility in which the participant workedEducational and research institutions9 (37.5)32 (100.0)9 (60.0)159 (96.4)152 (86.9)26 (65.0)16 (44.4)307 (94.8)308 (94.8)34 (87.2)24 (92.3)
Hospitals and long-term care facilities12 (50.0)0 (0.0)6 (40.0)5 (3.0)23 (13.1)12 (30.0)19 (52.8)15 (4.6)16 (4.9)4 (10.3)0 (0.0)
Others3 (12.5)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.6)0 (0.0)2 (5.0)1 (2.8)2 (0.6)1 (0.3)1 (2.6)2 (7.7)
Position in organisational management6 (25.0)12 (37.5)2 (13.3)165 (100.0)0 (0.0)31 (77.5)29 (80.6)280 (86.4)304 (93.5)33 (84.6)14 (53.8)
Presence of cohabitant19 (79.2)23 (71.9)10 (66.7)113 (68.5)119 (68.0)28 (70.0)23 (63.9)224 (69.1)192 (59.1)18 (46.2)11 (42.3)
Involvement in childcare19 (79.2)22 (68.8)10 (66.7)121 (73.3)114 (65.1)22 (55.0)21 (58.3)224 (69.1)164 (50.5)29 (74.4)5 (19.2)
Involvement in caregiving10 (41.7)13 (40.6)7 (46.7)99 (60.0)73 (41.7)10 (25.0)6 (16.7)128 (39.5)60 (18.5)9 (23.1)4 (15.4)
Living in a prefecture under specific precautions1 (4.2)0 (0.0)2 (13.3)10 (6.1)7 (4.0)5 (12.5)10 (27.8)97 (29.9)43 (13.2)9 (23.1)0 (0.0)
Difficulties in in-person contact and transport18 (75.0)23 (71.9)5 (33.3)153 (92.7)158 (90.3)0 (0.0)12 (33.3)324 (100.0)325 (100.0)39 (100.0)0 (0.0)
Difficulties in research management24 (100.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)165 (100.0)175 (100.0)40 (100.0)0 (0.0)324 (100.0)325 (100.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Increased time spent on student education and organisational management activities0 (0.0)32 (100.0)0 (0.0)165 (100.0)175 (100.0)37 (92.5)0 (0.0)314 (96.9)306 (94.2)39 (100.0)26 (100.0)
ICT proficiency needs and support for others6 (25.0)25 (78.1)1 (6.7)129 (78.2)138 (78.9)27 (67.5)3 (8.3)284 (87.7)248 (76.3)24 (61.5)15 (57.7)
Family role burden and conflicts11 (45.8)11 (34.4)3 (20.0)122 (73.9)103 (58.9)13 (32.5)1 (2.8)324 (100.0)0 (0.0)15 (38.5)8 (30.8)
Changes in social conditions and conflicts related to the COVID-19 pandemic6 (25.0)10 (31.3)3 (20.0)84 (50.9)98 (56.0)15 (37.5)2 (5.6)191 (59.0)150 (46.2)9 (23.1)6 (23.1)
  • ECNRs, early-career nurse researchers; ICT, information and communication technology; SNRs, senior nurse researchers.